2016 Atlantic Hurricane Season Recap

2016 Atlantic Basin Storms














01/13 01/16


09/01 09/05


11/21 11/24


05/28 06/05


09/12 09/16




06/05 06/07


09/13 09/19




06/20 06/21


09/15 09/25




08/02 08/06


09/20 09/24




08/17 08/23


09/28 10/09




08/23 09/03


10/03 10/18



See The Legend For The Above Table








Tropical Depression

Tropical Depression

< 38

< 33



Closed surface wind circulation about a well-defined center with winds less than 38 mph (33 kt).

Tropical Storm

Tropical Storm

39 - 73

34 - 63

> 980

< 4

Heavy rain can cause life threatening flooding.

Tropical Storm

Sub-Tropical Storm

39 - 73

34 - 63

> 980

< 4

low-pressure system that has characteristics of both tropical and extratropical cyclones.

Catagory 1

Category 1

74 - 95

64 - 82

994 - 980

4 - 5

Dangerous winds will produce some damage.

Catagory 2

Category 2

96 - 110

83 - 95

979 - 965

6 - 8

Very dangerous winds will cause serious damage

Catagory 3

Category 3

111 - 130

96 - 113

964 - 945

9 - 12

Major Hurricane...Extensive damage will occur

Catagory 4

Category 4

131 - 155


944 - 920

13 - 18

Devastating Hurricane...Extremely dangerous winds and storm surge will cause devastating damage

Catagory 5

Category 5



< 920

> 18

Catastrophic Hurricane...Catastrophic damage is expected from extremely devastating winds and large storm surge

Remnant Low

Post Tropical

< 39+

< 34+



A vigorous post-tropical cyclone that no longer possesses the convective organization required of a tropical cyclone

Remnant Low

Remnant Low

< 38

< 33



A post-tropical cyclone that no longer possesses the convective organization required of a tropical cyclone







No longer of interest, gone, finished.

*This is the normally expected Minimum Central Pressure for each category. Actual MCP can very greatly.

**This is the normally expected Storm Surge for each category. Like MCP, actual storm surge can very greatly.

2016 Hurricane Season Storm Tracks

Hurricane Alex was a very unusual January hurricane in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, making landfall on the island of Terceira in the Azores as a 55-kt tropical storm.

There were no reports of damage or casualties associated with Alex.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Hurricane Alex

Tropical Storm Bonnie was a tropical storm that formed from non-tropical origins northeast of the Bahamas. It made landfall near Charleston, South Carolina, as a tropical depression and brought heavy rainfall to coastal sections of the Carolinas.

Rainfall totals from Bonnie ranged from 4 to 10 inches across much of the central and southern portions of the South Carolina coast and adjacent areas of eastern Georgia. The highest observed rainfall total in this area was 10.36 inches near Ridgeland in Jasper County, South Carolina. This rainfall caused extensive flooding in Jasper County, where portions of Interstate 95 and U.S. Highway 17 were closed. Road flooding also occurred in portions of Dorchester, Charleston, and Hampton Counties in South Carolina and Bulloch County in Georgia.

There was one casualty reported in association with Bonnie – a person drowned in the surf at Carolina Beach, North Carolina on 29 May. Several rescues were also reported due to strong rip currents in association with Bonnie in Wrightsville Beach and Carolina Beach, North Carolina, and in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina on 29–30 May.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Tropical Storm Bonnie

Tropical Storm Colin was the earliest third named storm in the Atlantic basin on record. The first storm after the official start of the 2016 season, Colin developed from a low pressure area over the Gulf of Mexico near the northern coast of the Yucatán Peninsula late on June 5. Moving northward, the depression strengthened into a tropical storm about eight hours after formation.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Tropical Storm Colin

Tropical Storm Danielle was a short lived tropical storm over the Bay of Campeche that made landfall in eastern mainland Mexico.

Danielle caused locally heavy rains across portions of eastern Mexico, particularly in the states of Veracruz and Tamaulipas. While storm total rainfalls are not currently available, 24h amounts for 20-21 June were generally 3-6 inches with a maximum amount of 6.22 inches at Cosautlán de Carvajal. These rains caused flash flooding across portions of eastern Mexico.

One death was directly associated with Danielle, a man in the municipality of Ciudad Madero, Tamaulipas who drowned in a flash flood.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Tropical Storm Danielle

Hurricane Earl formed from a tropical wave south of Jamaica on August 2. The precursor to Earl brought torrential rainfall and flooding to the Lesser Antilles. Upon classification, the storm moved westward through the Caribbean Sea, brushing the north coast of Honduras. Earl strengthened into an 80 mph hurricane before making landfall on Belize on August 4. It weakened while moving across the Yucatan Peninsula, but re-intensified in the Bay of Campeche and followed the coastline. On August 6, Earl dissipated after moving ashore Vera Cruz.

Prior to classification as a Tropical Cyclone, 13 people died in storm-related incidents across the Dominican Republic. Earl struck Belize as a Category 1 Hurricane, causing extensive damage; losses to agriculture exceeded US$100 million. Heavy rain in Mexico triggered many landslides, several of which proved fatal in the states of Puebla, Hidalgo, and Vera Cruz; at least 54 people died in the country. Lesser effects were felt in neighboring countries in Central America.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Hurricane Earl

Tropical Storm Fiona was a tropical storm that formed in the far eastern Atlantic and moved west- northwestward without strengthening much. The storm reached the subtropical Atlantic and weakened primarily due to strong shear, dissipating nearly midway between Puerto Rico and Bermuda.

There were no reports of damage or casualties associated with Fiona.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Tropical Storm Fiona

Major Hurricane Gaston: was a classic Cape Verde hurricane that attained category 3 intensity (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) over the central Atlantic. Gaston brought tropical storm force winds to portions of the Azores when it passed near those islands as a post-tropical cyclone.

Even though it reached Major Hurricane Status, there were no reports of damage or casualties associated with Gaston as it remained over the open Atlantic during most of it's life.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Major Hurricane Gaston

Tropical Storm Ian was a sheared cyclone that spent its lifetime over the Atlantic Ocean.

there were no reports of damage or casualties associated with Ian.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Tropical Storm Ian

Tropical Storm Karl was a long-lived tropical storm that passed near Bermuda.

Karl produced only slight damage in Bermuda, and there were no reports of casualties associated with the storm. Approximately 800 customers briefly lost power due to a mainline fault believed to be caused by rainfall (that fell in an already wet September for the island), rather than by high winds.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Tropical Storm Karl

Tropical Storm Lisa was an uneventful tropical storm over the eastern tropical Atlantic.

No damage or injuries were reported for Tropical Storm Lisa.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Tropical Storm Lisa

Major Hurricane Matthew wasthe Atlantic’s first Category 5 storm since Felix of 2007. Matthew lasted eight days as a major hurricane, from Sept. 30 to Oct. 7. The Cyclone devastated Haiti as a Category 4 storm on October 4, killing at least 546, making it the Atlantic’s deadliest hurricane in 11 years. Damage in Haiti was estimated at $1.9 billion, or about 21% of the impoverished nation’s GDP, and by far Haiti’s costliest hurricane on record.

Matthew next battered Cuba as a Category 4 storm, causing $2.6 billion in damage (3.2% of their GDP.) Matthew was Cuba’s second most expensive hurricane on record, behind Hurricane Georges of 1998 ($3 billion in damage in 2016 dollars.) The Bahamas suffered $600 million in damage from Matthew (6.8% of GDP), making it their third most expensive hurricane on record behind Hurricane Frances of 2004 ($1.28 billion in losses, 2016 dollars) and Hurricane Jeanne of 2004 ($700 million in damage).

Matthew grazed the coast of Florida and Georgia before making landfall in South Carolina on October 8 as a Category 1 hurricane with 75 mph winds. Storm surge brought the highest water levels ever observed along to the coasts of Northern Florida, Georgia and North Carolina, beating records that had been set as long ago as 1928. Matthew killed 49 people in the U.S., 28 of them in North Carolina, and U.S. damage was estimated at up to $10 billion.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Major Hurricane Matthew

Major Hurricane Nicole formed nearly midway between Bermuda and Puerto Rico, and rapidly intensified to hurricane strength before abruptly weakening. Nicole then made a cyclonic loop over several days but gradually turned northward and accelerated northeastward, intensifying into a category 4 hurricane (on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale). Nicole struck Bermuda, producing category 2 hurricane conditions there, after which baroclinic forcing caused Nicole to become a large cyclone with hybrid characteristics over the North Atlantic.

Nicole caused widespread damage on Bermuda. However, media accounts suggest that the damage was not severe, likely because of the short duration of strong winds and the well-constructed infrastructure on the island. The cyclone snapped trees, toppled power lines, peeled off roofs and flooded homes and businesses. In addition, large waves damaged and broke boats from their moorings and also contributed to road damage around the island. There were no reports of casualties associated with Nicole. Insurance industry sources estimate total insured losses of $15 million, which matches preliminary qualitative accounts from the Bermuda Meteorological Service suggesting that the damage was less severe than that from Hurricanes Fay and Gonzalo of 2014.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Major Hurricane Nicole

Hurricane Otto was the first hurricane on record to make landfall on Thanksgiving Day. It was also the Atlantic’s strongest hurricane on record so late in the Season. After Otto made landfall in far southern Nicaragua, the cyclone weakened to Tropical Storm strength while moving over northwest Costa Rica, where it killed 10 people.

Tropical Cyclone Report For Hurricane Otto

Louisiana’s no-name August storm:

Major flooding in Prarieville, Louisiana on Friday, August 12, 2016.

A slow-moving Tropical Storm like disturbance dumped colossal amounts of rain on southern Louisiana in mid-August, causing 13 deaths and an estimated $10 - 15 billion in damage. The storm behaved much like most tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes that have taken their time moving through the Gulf Coast region. Some parts of Louisiana recorded more than 20" of rain in 48 hours.


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